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MEAN Stack Development with Vagrant

MEAN Stack Development with Vagrant

  • Introduction
    • Vagrant provides easy to configure, reproducible, and portable work environments built on top of industry-standard technology and controlled by a single consistent workflow to help maximize the productivity and flexibility of you and your team.
    • To achieve its magic, Vagrant stands on the shoulders of giants. Machines are provisioned on top of VirtualBox, VMware, AWS, or any other provider. Then, industry-standard provisioning tools such as shell scripts, Chef, or Puppet, can be used to automatically install and configure software on the machine.

  1. Setup Virtualbox

          You have to completely remove older VirtualBox versions before
              installing VirtualBox-5.0 !

    1. Display Allready Installed Packages
      1. sudo dpkg -l | grep virtualbox
    2. Uninstall VirtualBox
      1. sudo apt-get purge "^virtualbox-.*"
    3. Update the software repositories

      1. sudo apt-get update
    4. Clean up
      1. sudo apt-get autoremove | sudo apt-get autoclean | sudo apt-get clean
    5. Setup API repository (For Ubuntu 14.04 ("Trusty"))
      1. echo "deb trusty contrib" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/oracle-vbox.list
    6. Setup Oracle Key
      1. wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -
      2. wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -
    7. Install Oracle Virtualbox
      1. sudo apt-get update
      2. sudo apt-get install virtualbox-5.1
    8. Start Virtualbox
      1. virtualbox

  1. Vagrant Setup

    1. Once the above step is done, we will download Vagrant. You can head to their download page and download an appropriate version for your OS.
    2. Common Vagrant command are as follows
      1. vagrant box list #List all Vagrant boxes installed on your machine
      2. vagrant init xxx #Adds a new Vagrant box with the name xxx
      3. vagrant up #Boots the Vagrant box
      4. vagrant ssh #Connect to the Vagrant box via SSH
      5. vagrant reload #If you have updated the Vagrantfile, you need to reload the VM to reflect the changes. This commands does precisely that.
      6. vagrant halt   #Stops the Vagrant box
      7. vagrant destroy #Remove the Vagrant instance from your machine (All data in the VM will be lost)

  1. Create a custom MEAN Stack Vagrant box

    1. The first step in configuring any Vagrant project is to create a Vagrantfile. The purpose of the Vagrantfile is :
      1. Mark the root directory of your project. Many of the configuration options in Vagrant are relative to this root directory.
      2. Describe the kind of machine and resources you need to run your project, as well as what software to install and how you want to access it.
    2. Up and Running

      1. Vagrant up && vagrant ssh

    1. We are inside the VM now. Next, we will install the components needed for MEAN stack development.

      1. Git
        1. sudo apt-get install git
        2. git --version

      1. Node.js
        1. sudo apt-get update
        2. sudo apt-get install -y python-software-properties python g++ make
        3. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:chris-lea/node.js
        4. sudo apt-get update
        5. sudo apt-get install nodejs
        6. node -v
        7. npm -v

      1. MongoDB
        1. sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv 7F0CEB10
        2. echo 'deb dist 10gen' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list
        3. sudo apt-get update
        4. sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org
        5. mongo --version

      1. Install Node.js tools
        1. sudo npm install -g bower grunt-cli yo generator-meanjs

  1. Issues on vagrant up

      1. Solution : This issue get solved by executing above steps sequentially.
    1. Fixing Error "Failed to load VMMR0.r0 (VERR_SUPLIB_WORLD_WRITABLE)" in Virtualbox
      1. Solution : chmod o-w /usr/lib

  1. References
    1. VBoxManage: error: Details: code NS_ERROR_FAILURE

    2. How to Install Oracle VirtualBox 5.1 on Ubuntu 16.04 & 15.10 and Debian 8/7


  1. Hi Santosh , I am facing the similar error but on Mac OSX yosemite. Tried uninstalling and reinstalling but to no help. Can you please suggest something?

    This is the error I am getting:
    There was an error while executing `VBoxManage`, a CLI used by Vagrant
    for controlling VirtualBox. The command and stderr is shown below.

    Command: ["startvm", "51266d9c-9c5a-402f-9cf7-dcf3a159b791", "--type", "headless"]

    Stderr: VBoxManage: error: The virtual machine 'vagrant_default_1494573999092_37112' has terminated unexpectedly during startup with exit code 1 (0x1)
    VBoxManage: error: Details: code NS_ERROR_FAILURE (0x80004005), component MachineWrap, interface IMachine


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